Ethiopia is a landlocked country situated in the horn of Africa, is the second-most populous nation in Africa with the total population of around 122 million. Ethiopia has a total area of 1,100,000 square kilometers. Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa and in the world. Ethiopians speak Afro-Asiatic (Semitic, Cushitic, and Omotic) and Nilo-Saharan languages. The Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans make up more than three-quarters (75%) of the population, but there are more than 80 different ethnic groups within Ethiopia. More than 86 languages spoken in Ethiopia and Amharic is the government’s official language. In Ethiopia there is a massive highland complex of mountains and dissected plateaus divided by the Great Rift Valley, which runs southwest to northeast and is surrounded by lowlands, steppes, or semi-desert. The great diversity of terrain determines wide variations in climate, soils, natural vegetation, and settlement patterns. The major economic sectors of the country are agriculture which consists of 34.8%, industry 21.6% and services 43.6%. The 2023 country Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) appeals for $3.99 billion to assist more than 20 million people affected by conflict, violence and natural hazards across Ethiopia, including 13 million people suffering from the most severe drought impact in southern and eastern Ethiopia. Currently WHH is implementing ToGETEHR Program together with 5 Local Humanitarian Partners in Afar, Amhara and Oromia regions.
Local Humanitarian Partners (LHPs)
Afro Ethiopia Integrated Development Association (AEID) is a non-for profit, non-partisan secular civic non-governmental organization founded in 2003 by a group of like-minded individuals. AEID is working in Amhara, Oromia and South Nations Nationalities and Peoples and Southwest Ethiopian Peoples Regions. Thematic areas for the organization include: health and nutrition, education, food security & livelihood, WaSH, ESNFIs, human rights and peace building, OVC care and support and environmental Protection. Now AEID implement humanitarian response project in two regions of the country through the fund obtained from UNOCHA.
Action for Integrated Sustainable Development Association (AISDA) is an indigenous Ethiopian non- governmental organization established in 2006 with 15 years of experience in cooperation with international NGOs and donors and currently working in all districts of Afar National Regional State and South Wollo district of Amhara National Regional State. Sectoral Engagement of AISDA: health and Nutrition (with a special emphasis on maternal and child health & FGM), education, agriculture (Livestock development and crop production), IGAs and Livelihoods, resilience, water resource development, NRM and WaSH, humanitarian response and recovery and research development and dissemination.
Afar Pastoralist Development Association (APDA) is an indigenous non-governmental organization established and started operation in 1994 in Elida’ar, Afar region. APDA works for the eradication of traditional practices that are harmful and against the rights and dignity of women and enabling Afar women to develop their full capacity. APDA undertakes humanitarian work in times of crisis such as drought, flood, desert locust, and disease pandemic. APDA operates in Afar region in five zones focusing on food security & Livelihood, WaSH, health and nutrition, shelter, education and protection.
Community Initiatives Facilitations and Assistance (CIFA – Ethiopia) was registered in 2005 out of CIFA – Kenya initiatives which itself was registered out of Farm Africa’s 12-year Pastoralist Development Program (PDP) implemented in Northern Kenya. CIFA operates its intervention in Borena zone, Southern Ethiopia and now expand its intervention to the Southeastern parts of the country through humanitarian response project. Intervention areas of CIFA includes natural resources management, livestock (Production, Health & Marketing), WaSH, education, human health, livelihood or economic diversification and humanitarian response interventions.
Wako Gutu Foundation (WGF) is a National Civil Society Organization initiated by networks of people from pastoral and Agro pastoral communities in 2006 in memory of General Wako Gutu, “an Ethiopian pastoralist elder and a peace and justice activist” who in addition also engaged in development activities. WGF Geographical Intervention areas are the pastoral communities of the South-eastern Ethiopia particularly within the Oromia and Somali National Regional States. WGF focus thematic areas includes food and nutrition security, livelihood diversification, humanitarian emergency response, agriculture and health, peace building and social reconciliation and mainstream cross cutting Issues.